Ancient India

Ancient India

Keeping in view that people from all backgrounds appear for UPSC. We have developed Material that will build your foundation from scratch. No Matter whether you remember your NCERT´s or not, we have took out the best from them and added on the expertise from Standard Books and developed the best yet Foundation Course which is updated every Quarter to incorporate Current Affairs. All this free of cost for reading and at minimum cost for downloading.

Chapter:1 Understanding The Indian History

A historian needs source material to reconstruct the past. But sources themselves do not reveal the past. They need interpretation and the historian makes them speak. In fact the historian is expected to track the source, read texts, follow clues, ask relevant questions, cross check evidence to offer meaningful explanation. ..

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Chapter 2: The Geographical Setting And Pre- Historic Cultures Of India

The history of any country or region cannot be understood without some knowledge of its geography. The history of the people is greatly conditioned by the geography and environment of the region in which they live. The physical geography and environmental conditions of a region include climate, soil types, water resources and other topographical features. ..

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Chapter 3: The Harappan Civilization

In the previous chapter you learnt that the people in the prehistoric times used tools and weapons made of stone. Later man started using metals. Copper was the first metal to be used by man for making tools. Gradually several cultures developed in Indian subcontinent which were based on the use of stone and copper tools. They also used bronze, a mixture of copper and tin, for this purpose. ..

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Chapter 4: The Vedic Age (1500 Bc - 600 Bc)

The word veda is derived from the root vid which means ‘to know’. The word veda means the sacred knowledge contained in the texts known as Vedic text. Two categories of texts are included in the corpus of the Vedic literature. These are Mantra and Brahmana. The Mantra category forms the core of the Vedic texts and has four separate collections. ..

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Chapter 5: From Janapadas To Empire

In the last chapter we studied how later Vedic people started agriculture in the Ganga basin and settled down in permanent villages. In this chapter, we will discuss how increased agricultural activity and settled life led to the rise of sixteen Mahajanapadas (large territorial states) in north India in sixth century BC. We will also examine the factors, which enabled Magadh one of these states to defeat all others to rise to the status of an empire later under the Mauryas. ..

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Chapter 6: Post Mauryan Developments

In the last chapter you read about the Mauryan Empire which was spread over a large part of the Indian subcontinent and also included Kandahar in modern Afghanistan. In around 187 BC, the Mauryan Empire met its end. In the present section we shall study about the political and cultural developments in the Indian subcontinent from the end of the Mauryas to the rise of the Guptas i.e. from BC 200 and 300 AD. ..

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Chapter 7: Guptas And Their Successors (Ad 300 To 750 Ad)

After the decline of the Kushanas, north India witnessed the rise of the Gupta dynasty. The rulers of this dynasty were able to establish a vast empire that included almost the entire north India. The Guptas had certain material advantages that helped them to carve an empire. They operated from eastern U.P. and Bihar which was very fertile. ..

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Chapter 8: India Betweem 750 Ad To 1200 Ad

The period between AD 750 and AD 1200 is referred to as an early medieval period of Indian History. It was earlier treated by historians as a ‘dark phase’. It was so because during this time the whole country was divided into numerous regional states which were busy fighting with each other. ..

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