Modern India

Modern India

Keeping in view that people from all backgrounds appear for UPSC. We have developed Material that will build your foundation from scratch. No Matter whether you remember your NCERT´s or not, we have took out the best from them and added on the expertise from Standard Books and developed the best yet Foundation Course which is updated every Quarter to incorporate Current Affairs. All this free of cost for reading and at minimum cost for downloading.

Chapter 1:European Penetration And The British Conquest In India

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in India in 1498. The closing of the traditional trade routes western Asia by the Ottomans and rivalry with the Italian states, set Portugal in search of an alternate sea route to India. The first successful voyage to India was by Vasco da Gama on May 17, 1498, ..

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Chapter 2: Major Battles

Reminiscent of European hostilities of the eighteen century, Anglo-French rivalry beginning with the outbreak of the Austrian War of Succession and ending with the conclusion of the Seven Years War, resonated in India in the animosity between the English and the French East India Companies; which issued the British expansion in South India...

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Chapter 3: British Policies

The British conquest had a pronounced and profound economic impact on India. There was hardly any aspect of the Indian economy that was not changed during the entire period of British rule down to 1947. The economic politics followed by the British led to rapid transformation of Indian economy into colonial economy whose nature and structure were determined by the needs of the British economy...

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Chapter 4: Social And Cultural Awakening In India

 In August 1828, Roy founded the Atmiya Sabha, which was later renamed Brahma Samaj at Calcutta in order to purify Hinduism and preach monotheism. The Samaj under him was based on the twin       pillars of reason and the ancient Hindu scriptures (only the Vedas and the Upanishads) and incorporated the best teachings of the other religions as well...

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Chapter 5: People´s Resistance Against Britishers Before 1857 Revolt

The word ‘civil’ encompasses everything which is not related to defence/military, but here we have included those uprisings which were generally led by deposed native rulers or their descendants, former zamindars, landlords, poligars (in South India, holders of territory or palayam, consisting of a few villages granted to them by the rulers were mainly the Nayakas—in return for military service and tribute)...

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Chapter 6: The Revolt Of 1857

The revolt of 1857 was though a regional manifestation yet the causes and the events that instigated the revolt were surely having a Pan-Indian characteristic. In fact, the revolt of 1857 was the outburst of people´s feelings against, social...

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Chapter 7: Indian Nationalism

The Indian National Congress was not the first political organisation in India. However, most of the political associations in the early half of the nineteenth century were dominated by wealthy and aristocratic elements. They were local or regional in character...

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Chapter 8: Nationalist Movement, 1905 - 1918: Growth Of Militant Nationalism

The conditions for the emergence of militant nationalism had developed when in 1905 the partition of Bengal was announced Partition of Bengal. On 20 July 1905, Lord Curzon issued an order dividing the province of Bengal into two parts i.e...

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Chapter 9: Beginning Of Gandhian Era

Early Career and Experiments with Truth in South Africa Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar in the princely state of Kathiawar in Gujarat. His father was a diwan (minister) of the state. Having studied law in England, Gandhi, in 1898, went to South Africa in connection with a case involving his client, Dada Abdullah. ..

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Chapter 10: Phase After The Civil Disobedience Movement

Following the withdrawal of the Civil Disobedience Movement, there was a two-stage debate on the future strategy of the nationalists: the first stage was on what course the national movement should take in the immediate future, i.e., during the phase of non-mass struggle (1934-35); ..

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Chapter 11: Congress Rule In Provinces

Congress ministries were formed in Bombay, Madras, Central Provinces, Orissa, United Provinces, Bihar and later in the NWFP and Assam also...

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Chapter 12: Nationalists Response In The Wake Of Ww Ii

In the aftermath of the civil disobedience movement, there was some disarray within the Congress. In Gandhi’s perception there was rising corruption and indiscipline in the organisation. He was also unhappy with the rivalries and petty squabbles among the Congress leaders. There were issues of bogus membership and unethical means employed in trying to getting into the Congress committees and controlling them...

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Chapter 13: The Last Phase Of Indian Freedom Struggle

Also known as the India August Movement or August Kranti. It was officially launched by the Indian National Congress (INC) led by Mahatma Gandhi on 9 August 1942..

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Chapter 14: The Phase After Independence

During British rule, there were around 562 Princely states which covered a total area of approximately 7,12,508 square miles. The princes ruled in about 2/5th part of the Indian sub-continent having 1/3rd part of the population of the British Empire...

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Chapter 15: Governor Generals & Viceroys Of India - Significant Events In Their Rule

 Act of 1781, under which the powers of jurisdiction between the governor-general-in-council and the Supreme Court at Calcutta, were clearly divided. ..

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